Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to avoid and control seizures (epilepsy). This medication can be used to avoid headaches that are migraine decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a headache that is migraine it does occur. If you get a migraine headache, treat it as directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room).
Topiramate is called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet given by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking topiramate and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets whole since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To avoid renal rocks from developing, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your physician instructs you otherwise.
Dosage is situated on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will gradually increase your dose to lower your threat of adverse effects. For many conditions, you may start therapy with topiramate once daily at bedtime and slowly increase your dose to twice a day. It could take several weeks or months to reach the dose that is best for you and to obtain the full benefit using this medication.
Just take this medicine regularly to obtain the most benefit from it. Each day to help you remember, take it at the same times. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dosage may need to be gradually decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition persists or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, loss in coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, loss of appetite, bad style in your lips, diarrhoea, and fat reduction may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, trouble focusing or attention that is paying nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember that the doctor has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Inform your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious unwanted effects occur: signs of kidney stones (such as serious back/side/abdominal/groin pain, temperature, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a small number of people whom simply take anticonvulsants for almost any condition (such as seizures, bipolar condition, pain) may experience despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your physician immediately if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, ideas about harming your self.
Tell your physician straight away if some of these rare but serious negative effects happen: rapid breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone tissue pain, broken bones, loss of consciousness, unusual bleeding/bruising.
Rarely, topiramate might cause an extremely serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Therefore, get medical help right away if any of these adverse effects occur: sudden vision changes (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a critical metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you are using acid that is valproic. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or mental changes (such as decreased alertness).
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Phone your physician for medical advice about adverse effects. You could report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical professional for medical advice about part effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your medical professional or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more information.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems, a certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
This medicine may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. When the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and sleep. Get help that is medical away for those who have a fever that doesn't disappear, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all the services and products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and natural products).
Kids may be much more delicate to the relative side effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.
Older adults may become more responsive to the relative side-effects of this medication, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the chance of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just when clearly needed. It might harm an baby that is unborn. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. If you should be using this drug to deal with seizures, note that untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can damage both a pregnant woman and her developing fetus, therefore do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your physician.
This medicine passes into breast milk and may have effects that are undesirable a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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