Clonazepam is one of the class of medications called benzodiazepines. In general, benzodiazepines are used as a sedative as well as to decrease seizures or anxiety. Clonazepam can be used to treat seizure disorders. It helps by slowing the activity of the nerves in the brain (i.e., the central nervous system).
This medication may be available under multiple brands and/or in numerous variations. Any specific name of this medication might not be obtainable in all in the forms or approved for all with the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication might not be employed for all with the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions apart from those classified by these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this along with your doctor or aren't sure your purpose in taking prescription drugs, get hold of your doctor. Do not stop taking prescription drugs without consulting a medical expert.
Do not give medicines to other people, regardless of whether they have exactly the same symptoms because you do. It might be harmful for those to adopt prescription drugs if their doctor has not prescribed it.
The dose of clonazepam is determined depending on how much is necessary to control seizures and differs from person to person. It is important that the dose be individualized for a specific needs to avoid decreased coordination or excessive drowsiness.
The recommended adult starting dose of clonazepam shouldn't be higher than 1.5 mg daily in 3 divided doses. This helps to minimize drowsiness as well as other unwanted side effects. Your doctor will gradually raise the dose until your seizures are controlled. The recommended maintenance dose for adults is 8 mg to 10 mg per day in 3 divided doses.
For children up to a decade old or who weigh 30 kilograms or less, the dose will depend on weight. The starting dose should be calculated as 0.01 mg per kilogram of weight per day to 0.03 mg per kilogram of body weight every day, separated into 2 or 3 doses. The maximum starting dose needs to be no more than 0.05 mg per kilogram of body mass daily. The doctor will gradually boost the dose before child’s seizures are controlled. Generally, the maintenance dose is between 0.1 mg per kilogram and 0.2 mg per kilogram of body weight.
Clonazepam might be taken with food or before eating any breakfast. Avoid drinking grapefruit juice while you are taking prescription drugs as it could boost the levels of clonazepam with your blood.
Many things could affect the dose of an medication that the person needs, such as body mass, other health concerns, as well as other medications. If your physician has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the method in which you are taking the medication without consulting your physician.
It is important to consider prescription drugs exactly as prescribed by your physician. If you miss a dose, take it immediately and continue together with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue together with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to generate up for a missed one. If you are certainly not sure what direction to go after missing a dose, contact your medical professional or pharmacist for advice.
Store prescription drugs at room temperature, prevent leakages from light and moisture, and out from the reach of youngsters.
Do not eliminate medications in wastewater (e.g. on the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your friendly phamacist how to dispose of medications which can be no more needed or have expired.
Many medications can cause unwanted side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication if it is drawn in normal doses. Side effects may be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.
The unwanted side effects listed below are certainly not felt by everyone who takes this medication. If you are worried about negative effects, discuss the hazards and benefits of the medication with your doctor.
The following side effects are actually reported by a minimum of 1% of people taking prescription drugs. Many of those unwanted side effects could be managed, and several may go away by themselves over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these unwanted side effects and they are generally severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to give you advice on managing unwanted side effects.
Although most from the unwanted side effects listed below don't happen frequently, they might lead to serious problems in case you tend not to seek medical help.
Check along with your doctor as quickly as possible if any from the following negative effects occur:
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any with the following occur:
Some people may experience unwanted side effects other than those listed. Check together with your doctor possibly any symptom that worries you when you are taking medicines.
Do not use clonazepam in the event you:
Clonazepam could be used by those with open angle glaucoma who will be receiving appropriate treatment.
There could possibly be an interaction between clonazepam and then for any in the following:
If you take any one these medications, speak together with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your particular circumstances, a medical expert might want you to definitely:
An interaction between two medications doesn't imply you have to stop taking one of them. Speak to your medical professional about how exactly any drug interactions are increasingly being managed or must be managed.
Medications aside from those in the list above may communicate with this medication. Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications that you take. Also say to them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs may affect the action of many medications; you need to let your prescriber know if you use them.
Before you commence taking a medicine, make sure you inform a medical expert from a health conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and then for any other significant information about your overall health. These factors may affect the method that you should take this medication.
Alcohol: People taking this medication must not consume alcohol since this can help to eliminate the effectiveness on this medication and improve the chance of negative effects.
People who provide an being hooked on alcohol or other drugs ought not take clonazepam except in rare situations under medical supervision.
Breathing: Clonazepam can suppress breathing. This effect on breathing could possibly be more pronounced for those with breathing problems, brain damage, or that are taking other medications that suppress breathing (e.g., codeine, morphine). If you have severe breathing problems, discuss the risks and advantages of taking medicines your physician.
Coordination problems: If you have a medical problem that affects coordination (e.g., spinal or cerebellar ataxia, discuss with your doctor how medicines may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may modify the dosing and effectiveness with this medication, and whether any special monitoring is necessary.
Dependence and withdrawal: Physical dependence (a necessity to adopt regular doses to avoid physical symptoms) has become associated with benzodiazepines such as clonazepam. Severe withdrawal symptoms may occur when the dose is quite a bit reduced or suddenly stopped. These symptoms include seizures, irritability, nervousness, problems with sleep, agitation, tremors, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, memory impairment, headache, muscle pain, extreme anxiety, tension, restlessness, and confusion. Reducing the dose gradually under medical supervision can help prevent or decrease these withdrawal symptoms. Do not suddenly stop taking this medication without talking to your physician.
Depression: Clonazepam, like other benzodiazepines, has become seen to cause moodiness and signs and symptoms of depression. If you have depression or perhaps a good depression, discuss along with your doctor how this medication may affect your condition, how your medical condition may get a new dosing and effectiveness of the medication, and whether any special monitoring is required. If you experience symptoms of depression like poor concentration, alterations in weight, modifications in sleep, decreased fascination with activities, or notice them in a very family member who is taking medicines contact your physician as quickly as possible.
Clonazepam is not recommended to be used by people who have depression or psychosis or that have attempted suicide.
Drowsiness/reduced alertness: Because clonazepam causes drowsiness and sedation, avoid activities requiring mental alertness, judgment, and physical coordination (for example driving or operating machinery) while taking it. This is particularly true when first using medication and in anticipation of having established how clonazepam affects you. Alcohol can improve the drowsiness effects and needs to be avoided.
Grapefruit juice: Avoid drinking grapefruit juice while you are taking medicines as it could improve the amounts of clonazepam inside your blood.
Kidney function: Decreased kidney function or kidney disease could cause prescription drugs to formulate within the body, causing side effects. If you have kidney disease or reduced kidney function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your condition, how your problem may modify the dosing and effectiveness of the medication, and whether any special monitoring is required.
Lactose intolerance: Lactose is one with the ingredients in this medication. If you have a hereditary condition that creates you intolerant to lactose, discuss other alternatives together with your doctor.
Liver function: If you have liver disease or decreased liver function, discuss together with your doctor how medicines may affect your medical condition, how your condition may customize the dosing and effectiveness of the medication, and whether any special monitoring should be used. People with severe liver problems shouldn't take medicines.
Memory: This medication may impair recent memory. If you go through this while taking medicines, contact a medical expert.
Porphyria: If you have porphyria, discuss with your doctor how medicines may affect your medical problem, how your medical condition may modify the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Seizures: For some people taking medicines, seizures may worsen or a new type of seizure can occur. If you have worsening seizures or even the frequency of your respective seizures won't decrease while using this medication, contact your doctor.
Pregnancy: Taking clonazepam when pregnant can raise the risk of certain birth defects. This medication should just be used in pregnancy if your benefits outweigh the potential risks. If you become pregnant while taking prescription drugs, contact your medical professional immediately. Do not stop taking medicines suddenly, simply because this may result in withdrawal symptoms. Discuss the options together with your doctor and follow their instructions closely.
Breast-feeding: This medication passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and take clonazepam, it could affect your child. Talk to your medical professional about whether you need to continue breast-feeding.
Children: If long-term use of clonazepam has considered for a child, discuss together with your child's doctor the huge benefits along with the risks of clonazepam use. Long-term use may have an effect on your child’s physical and mental development.
Seniors: Seniors may be at increased risk for the sedative and impaired coordination effects on this medication. This can improve the risk of falls and fractures. Seniors might require lower doses of prescription drugs.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks
EMS: 3-8 business days
Airmail: 2-3 weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.