See also Warning section.
Promethazine is used to avoid and treat sickness and vomiting related to conditions that are certainsuch as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and runny nose. It may possibly be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or even to help specific pain that is narcotic (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the cold that is common.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain normal substance (histamine) that the body makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other substances that are naturalsuch as acetylcholine) and by acting directly on certain parts of mental performance.
Cough-and-cold products have not been been shown to be effective or safe in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat symptoms that are cold children younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the physician. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not advised for use in kids more youthful than 12 years. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to get more details about utilizing your product properly.
These products do perhaps not cure or shorten the length of the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious adverse effects, follow all dosage carefully guidelines. Do not give other medication that is cough-and-cold might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking fluids that are enough making use of a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Ideas Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical professional or pharmacist.
Take this medication by lips with or without meals as directed by the doctor, usually 2 to 4 times daily. For motion sickness, the first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid drowsy that is being the day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you are using the liquid kind of this medication, carefully measure the dosage using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
The dosage is dependant on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In kids, the dosage could also be based on weight. Do not increase your dosage or just take this medicine more often than directed.
Tell your physician should your condition does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or mouth that is dry happen. If any of these results persist or aggravate, tell your medical professional.
To relieve dry mouth, suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, take in water, or utilize a saliva substitute.
Remember that the physician has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your physician appropriate away for those who have any severe adverse effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of illness (such as for instance fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away for those who have any very serious unwanted effects, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may hardly ever cause a really serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away for those who have some of the after symptoms: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, change in the number of urine.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any outward symptoms of a serious allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble respiration.
This is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the usa -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about adverse effects. You could report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, inform your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: difficulty in breathing (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, sleep apnea), blood/immune system problems (such as bone tissue marrow depression), high stress into the eye (glaucoma), heart disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver disease, certain brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant syndrome, Reye's problem, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for example obstruction, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for instance, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may allow you to be dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
Before having surgery, tell your medical professional or dentist about all of the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal items).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive towards the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when in the open air.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. Whenever the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get help that is medical away for those who have a fever that doesn't get away, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Liquid products may contain sugar and/or liquor. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about making use of this product safely.
Kiddies may be much more responsive to the unwanted effects of this drug, especially slowed breathing (see alert area). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those that have a family group reputation for sudden baby death syndrome (SIDS), and those who are hard to awaken from sleep.
Older adults may be more painful and sensitive to the relative part effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or difficulty urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can raise the danger of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Its unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It may have effects that are undesirable a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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