See also Warning section.
Promethazine is utilized to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting related to certain conditions (such as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and runny nose. It may be utilized that will help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or to help certain narcotic pain relievers (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the common cold.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that the human body makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other substances that are naturalsuch as for example acetylcholine) and by acting directly on specific parts of the brain.
Cough-and-cold products have not been shown to be safe or effective in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children more youthful than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some items (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are maybe not suitable for use in children younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your product safely.
These products do not cure or shorten the size for the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, carefully follow all dosage directions. Don't give other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, utilizing a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking promethazine and each time. If you have any relevant concerns, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, frequently 2 to 4 times day-to-day. For motion sickness, the first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid being drowsy during the day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you are using the liquid form of this medication, very carefully gauge the dosage utilizing a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the dose that is correct.
The dosage is situated on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In kids, the dosage may also be centered on weight. Do not increase your dosage or take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your trouble does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred eyesight, or dry mouth may occur. If any of these results persist or aggravate, tell your medical professional.
To alleviate mouth that is dry suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, take in water, or use a saliva substitute.
Understand that your physician has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor immediately in the event that you have any serious unwanted effects, including: fainting, slow heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue motions), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away if you have any very severe part effects, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause a very serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away if you have some of the following symptoms: temperature, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, serious confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, change in the amount of urine.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any symptoms of a critical hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
This might be not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse results. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See also Warning section.
Before using promethazine, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which trigger sensitive reactions or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist to get more details.
Before by using this medication, inform your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, anti snoring), blood/immune system issues (such as bone tissue marrow depression), high pressure within the attention (glaucoma), heart disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high bloodstream pressure, liver illness, specific brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant problem, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (as an example, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the merchandise you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive to the sunlight. Avoid prolonged sun visibility, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Make use of a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective out-of-doors.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. As soon as the weather is hot, drink a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get medical help right away when you have a fever that does not disappear completely, mental/mood changes, frustration, or dizziness.
Liquid products may contain sugar and/or liquor. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about making use of this product properly.
Children may become more delicate to the side effects of this drug, especially slowed respiration (see Warning section). This drug can often cause excitement in young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those who have a family group reputation for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and those people who are difficult to wake up from sleep.
Older grownups may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During maternity, this medicine ought to be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits along with your doctor.
It really is unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It might probably have effects that are undesirable a nursing infant. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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