Phenytoin is used to prevent and get a handle on seizures (also referred to as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication). It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in mental performance.
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication being not detailed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Utilize this medication for an ailment that is listed in this part only when it happens to be therefore prescribed by the health care professional.
This drug may be used to also treat certain kinds of irregular heartbeats.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking phenytoin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical practitioner or pharmacist.
Simply take this medicine by mouth frequently once a or in divided doses as directed by your doctor day. You may take it with food if stomach upset occurs. Simply take this medication with a glass that is full8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Don't use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to get the benefit that is most from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a constant level. Remember to make use of it at the time( that is same) each day. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to treatment.
Products that contain calcium (e.g., antacids, calcium supplements) and nutritional tube-feeding (enteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the time that is same your phenytoin dose. Separate liquid products that are nutritional least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by your physician.
Do not stop using this medication without consulting your physician. Seizures may become worse once the medication is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually reduced.
Inform your physician if your condition does not enhance or worsens.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, sense of spinning, drowsiness, trouble sleeping, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Phenytoin might cause swelling and bleeding associated with gums. Massage your gum tissue and brush and floss your teeth frequently to minimize this issue. See your dentist regularly.
Remember that your particular physician has recommended this medicine she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious adverse effects.
Tell your doctor straight away if some of these not likely but serious side effects happen: unusual eye movements, lack of coordination, slurred message, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial changes (e.g., distended lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair development, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or pain, easily broken bones.
Only a few those who just take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your physician appropriate away in the event that you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, ideas, or behavior including indications of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
For males, in the extremely unlikely event you have an unpleasant or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more of their time, stop using this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could take place.
Get medical help immediately if some of these uncommon but very severe side impacts occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle weakness/pain, inflamed glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or skin, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest discomfort, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a serious reaction that is allergic this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, high temperature, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty respiration.
This is not a list that is complete of adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Phone your medical professional for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your physician for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using phenytoin, tell your medical professional or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergic reactions or other dilemmas. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before utilizing this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, specially of: alcohol use, particular bloodstream conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver condition, lupus, folate or vitamin B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Alcohol may additionally affect your blood quantities of this medication.
Inform your medical professional you are employing phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure that produces you unable to go on it by mouth.
This drug may increase your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any abnormal results as directed. Your medicine, fitness plan, or diet might need to be adjusted.
Vitamin D supplements could be necessary to avoid weakening associated with bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this along with your doctor.
During pregnancy, this medication must certanly be used only if obviously needed. It may harm an unborn baby. However, since untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can harm both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, do not stop using this medication unless directed by your doctor. You may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy if you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken with this particular medication (see also Drug Interactions section), talk about reliable forms of birth control together with your physician.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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