Acetazolamide is used to stop and minimize the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath that will occur when you climb up quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a ascent that is slow. The very best ways to prevent altitude vomiting are climbing gradually, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to permit your body to fully adjust to the new height, and taking it simple the first 1 to 2 days.
This drug is additionally used along with other medications to treat a certain variety of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the quantity of fluid that can establish in the eye. It's also used to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has additionally been used with other medications to treat specific types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that could be prescribed by your quality of life care professional. Utilize this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it is often therefore prescribed by the health care professional.
Acetazolamide may also be used to take care of periodic paralysis.
Acetazolamide may be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.
To prevent altitude sickness, start taking acetazolamide 1 to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may want to continue taking this medication while staying at the high altitude to control your symptoms. That you climb down as quickly as possible if you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important. Acetazolamide will not protect you through the serious effects of serious altitude sickness. (See also Precautions.)
If you are taking this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medication regularly as directed to obtain the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each day. Taking your last dose in the early evening will help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your pharmacist or doctor when you have concerns about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dosage or stop using this medication without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is instantly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
Whenever used for a protracted period, this medication may not work also and may require dosing that is different. Your doctor will be monitoring your condition. Tell your doctor if your condition doesn't improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug might reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice) while you are taking this medication. Your physician may also prescribe a potassium health supplement for you to take during treatment. Consult with your doctor for more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an increased amount of urine may occur, particularly during the very first days that are few your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor.
Remember that your doctor has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Inform your doctor appropriate away if any of these very unlikely but serious adverse effects occur: increased human body hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe pain that is stomach/abdominal.
Seek immediate attention that is medical any of these unlikely but very serious side effects occur: effortless bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of disease (e.g., fever, persistent sore neck), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle cramps/pain, tingling for the hands/feet, bloodstream into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
an extremely serious reaction that is allergic this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious reaction that is allergic include: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
That is perhaps not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using acetazolamide, tell your physician or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive that may cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for lots more details.
This medication should never be utilized when you yourself have particular medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you have actually: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood levels of salt or potassium, severe kidney condition, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (age.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medication, inform your medical professional or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing issues (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high quantities of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medication will allow you to get accustomed to high altitudes and assistance you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely avoid altitude sickness that is serious. Signs and symptoms of severe altitude sickness may add: severe shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), lack of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
If you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important that you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar levels rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Inform your doctor appropriate away in the event that you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetes, be certain to check your glucose levels regularly. This medicine may cause your blood also sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, sweating and hunger. It really is a great habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. You don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level if you are in a situation where. Inform your doctor right away about the effect.
This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outdoors.
This medication really should not be used in children less than 12 because it could impact normal growth.
This medication should be used with caution within the elderly because they may be more responsive to its adverse effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medicine must certanly be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Talk about the dangers and advantages with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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