Pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug (thiazolidinedione-type, also called "glitazones") used along side a proper exercise and diet program to control high blood sugar in patients with diabetes. It works by helping to restore your body's proper response to insulin, thereby reducing your blood sugar.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may lessen your risk also of a heart assault or stroke.
Pioglitazone is used either alone or in combination with other anti-diabetic medications (such as for example metformin or a sulfonylurea such as glyburide).
Talk to your physician about the potential risks and benefits of pioglitazone.
Read the drugs Guide supplied by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start using pioglitazone and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical practitioner or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth with or without food as directed by your physician, often once daily. Dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Your doctor will adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels to find the dose that is best for you personally. Follow your doctor's directions very carefully.
Take this medication regularly to be able to obtain the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time each day.
If you should be currently using another drug that is anti-diabeticsuch as metformin or a sulfonylurea), follow your medical professional's guidelines very carefully for stopping/continuing the old medication and starting this medication. Carefully proceed with the medication treatment plan, meal plan, and workout program your doctor has recommended.
Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep monitoring of the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment may need certainly to be changed. It may take up to 2 to 3 months before the benefit that is full of drug takes effect.
See also Warning section.
Sore throat, muscle pain, fat gain, or tooth problems may possibly occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Remember that your medical practitioner has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away for those who have any serious adverse effects, including: new/worsening vision problems (such as blurred eyesight), bone fracture, reddish-colored urine, urgent need certainly to urinate, discomfort while urinating.
Pioglitazone might hardly ever cause liver disease. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop symptoms of liver condition, including: dark urine, yellowing of eyes/skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain.
Pioglitazone will not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications (such as insulin or a sulfonylurea). Minimal blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume enough calories from food. To help prevent blood that is low, eat dishes on an everyday schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to discover what you should do in the event that you miss a meal.
Signs and symptoms of low blood glucose consist of sudden sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred eyesight, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you don't have these dependable kinds of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar levels by eating a quick source of sugar such as dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your medical practitioner right away in regards to the response and the usage of this product.
Symptoms of high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) consist of thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, fast breathing, or fruity breathing odor. If these signs happen, tell your doctor right away. Your dosage may need to be increased.
a really severe allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the after signs of a critical allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially regarding the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble respiration.
It is not a list that is complete of adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Into the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You might report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking pioglitazone, tell your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist for more details.
A certain eye problem (macular edema), bladder cancer before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: heart disease (such as congestive heart failure, chest pain), liver disease, fluid in your lungs, swelling (edema), anemia.
You'll experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness as a result of extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure.
Limit alcohol while using this medicine as it can raise the risk of developing low blood sugar.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar levels testing.
Before having surgery, tell your physician or dental practitioner about all the items you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal items).
Pioglitazone may boost the danger of bone fracture in females (usually in the upper arm, hand, or foot). See also Notes area.
Pioglitazone can cause changes into the cycle that is menstrualpromote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor about the utilization of reliable birth control while using the this medication.
This medication ought to be used only if demonstrably needed during pregnancy. Discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor. Your medical practitioner may substitute insulin for this drug during your pregnancy. Follow all instructions carefully.
It really is as yet not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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